Call Us
Today!

913-663-GUMS (4867)
sked_btn
Northland-location
Leawood-location
Lee’s-Summit-location

Hormonal Changes

Women and Periodontal Health

Over the course of a woman’s life, she will experience fluctuations in hormonal levels. These changes in hormone levels cause changes that affect tissue throughout the whole body. As theses changes occur during puberty, menstruation, taking oral contraceptives, pregnancy, and menopause, the likelihood of periodontal disease increases. The following describes each of these changes in more detail with relation to oral health:

Puberty – During this period of time, there is an increased amount of sex hormone production. High levels of sex hormones increase gum sensitivity and oral irritations due to plaque and food debris. In turn, the gums become swollen, red and feel tender.

Menstruation – There is also an increased amount of sex hormone production during this period of time. This typically occurs several days before actual menstruation. A female may experience bleeding gums, red swelling between the teeth and gum, as wells as sores on the inside of the cheek. These symptoms usually subside once the menstruation begins because as the amount of sex hormones decrease, so do these symptoms.

Pregnancy – Between the second and eight month of pregnancy, a woman may experience bleeding, swelling and tender gum tissue. Large bumps may appear on the gum tissue as a reaction to local irritants. These growths are known as pregnancy tumors and are usually painless, benign and disappear after pregnancy. Any infections during pregnancy can increase health risks for the baby. Therefore, it is imperative to have good periodontal health in order to avoid periodontal infections. Periodontal infections during pregnancy increase the risk for delivering a premature, low birthweight baby.

Oral contraceptives – The synthetic hormones in oral contraceptives are designed to mimic pregnancy, therefore similar symptoms occur such as swelling, bleeding and tender gum tissue. It is important to tell your dental professional if you are taking an oral contraceptive.

Menopause – Along with many other biological changes that occur during menopause, changes in the look and feel of the mouth are common. A female may experience pain and or burning sensations in the gum tissue, as well as altered taste, especially salty, peppery or sour taste.

All of these changes affect a woman’s oral health. Proper oral hygiene and professional care all aide in minimizing the hormonal manifestations of the mouth.

 
Leawood
11401 Nall Ave.
Leawood, KS 66211
Kansas City North
9321 North Oak Trafficway
Kansas City, MO 64155
Lee’s Summit
3355 NE Ralph Powell Rd.
Lee’s Summit, MO 64064
Kansas City Plaza
411 Nichols Rd. Suite 236
Kansas City, MO 64112
Employee Login | Privacy Policy | © 2013 All Rights Reserved